NISO Virtual Conference, February 14, 11:00am - 5:00pm

The Preprint: Integrating the Form into the Scholarly Ecosystem


According to Wikipedia, the preprint is a “version of a scholarly or scientific paper that precedes publication in a peer-reviewed scholarly or scientific journal”. Preprint archives, such as arXiv and SSRN, rapidly achieved prominence in both the hard and social sciences as rapid access to new work became a priority. It’s wonderful to have those platforms, but what are best practices for libraries and other content providers in working with them? Should preprints be assigned DOIs? What relationship should exist between pre-prints and discovery services? What is the interoperability with link resolvers like? What are the implications for citation practices?


Confirmed speakers include:


·      Gregg Gordon, SSRN

·      Mark Seeley, SciPubLaw

·      Neil Thakur, NIH

·      John Inglis, Cold Spring Harbor Press

·      Darla Henderson, American Chemical Society (ACS)

·      Matthew Spitzer, Center for Open Science

·      Oya Rieger, Cornell University

·      Jamie Wittenberg, Indiana University Bloomington


Here’s a sampling of what some of those speakers will address:


Interim Research Products at NIH

Interim research products are complete research products that are made public before they are final. They are created in order to increase the impact and rigor of a research study. They might be in draft form, like a preprint, or they may be a step in an ongoing study made public, like a preregistered study protocol.  This presentation will describe NIH’s current interim research product policy, including standards for citing interim research products in NIH applications and reports, and guidance for selecting repositories. It will also provide results from the 2016 request for information that helped drive this policy.


Preprints in Biology and Medicine

The public release of research papers before peer review (“preprint posting”) has become more frequent in the biological sciences in the past 5 years and the value of the practice for clinically related research is beginning to be discussed.  bioRxiv is Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory’s preprint server for the biological sciences, and the soon-to-be-launched medRxiv will be its equivalent in the health sciences.  This presentation will describe the development and current status of these initiatives and their evolving roles in the ecosystem of scholarly communication.

arXiv: Principles, Sustainability, and Future is acknowledged as one of the most successful OA preprint repositories. It has transformed scientific communication in multiple fields of physics and plays an increasingly prominent role in mathematics, computer science, quantitative biology, quantitative finance, and statistics. The presentation will describe the role of arXiv, its organizational and governance model, and the current challenges and opportunities involved in its operation.  Also, it will discuss the main goals of the next-gen arXiv (arXiv-NG) initiative, which aims to strengthen the 26-year old service's technical infrastructure and business model. arXiv, as a socio-technical system, consists of technical infrastructures, scholarly workflows, curatorial policies, and the social arrangements and organizations that provide it with a structural framework. Therefore, arXiv-NG initiative involves a range of issues extending from architectural choices to sustainability requirements, and from policy issues to governance matters.


For more speaker abstracts, to review the day's agenda and links to registration, please visit the NISO event page.


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