This should be quite doable in most programming languages with
out-of-the-box tools and no tricky parsing code. The gist is to save in
Excel as a delimited text file (tab is a good choice), then have your script
ingest the document and turn it into an array, and then turn the array into
XML. In Python, it could be something like the code below (not tested but
the principles should be sound):

import 'csv'
from elementtree.ElementTree import Element, SubElement

#create a list
mylist = []

#open your delimited file with a csv reader
with open('myfile.txt', 'rb') as textfile:
  reader = csv.reader( textfile, delimiter='\t', quotechat='"')     #this
assumes your file is tab-delimited (\t)

  #loop through rows in your file and save each row as a key/value pair
  for row in textfile:
    fields = {
      'field1': row[0]
      'field2': row[1]
      'field3': row[2]
      'field4': row[3]

    #append this row to our master list
    mylist.append( fields )

#create an xml root node
rootNode = Element("XmlRoot")

#loop through our list of "rows" from the text file and create xml nodes
for row in mylist:
  rowNode = Element("record")

  #loop through all the fields on this "row" and turn them into xml nodes
  for fieldName, fieldValue in row:
    fieldNode = Element(fieldName)
    fieldNode.text = fieldValue

    #append each field node to the parent row node

  #append each row node to the document root node

#now save the whole thing as an xml file
with open('myfile.xml', 'wb') as file

Josh Welker

-----Original Message-----
From: Code for Libraries [mailto:[log in to unmask]] On Behalf Of Kyle
Sent: Monday, June 16, 2014 1:04 PM
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject: Re: [CODE4LIB] Excel to XML (for a Drupal Feeds import)

I'd just do this the old fashioned way. Awk is great for problems like this.
For example, if your file is tab delimited, the following should work

awk '{FS="\t"}{if ($2 != "") question = $2;}{print $1,question,$3}''

In the example above, I just print the fields but you could easily encase
them in tags.


On Mon, Jun 16, 2014 at 9:29 AM, Ryan Engel <[log in to unmask]> wrote:

> Thanks for the responses, on the list and off, so far.
> As I'm sure is true for so many of us, my interest in learning more
> about how to solve this type of problem is balanced against my need to
> just get the project done so I can move on to other things.  One of
> the great things about this list is the ability to learn from the
> collective experiences of colleagues.  For this project specifically,
> even clues about better search terms is useful; as Chris Gray pointed
> out, basic Google searches present too many hits.
> I did try following the "Create an XML data file and XML schema file
> from worksheet data" instructions on the Microsoft site.  And it did
> produce an XML document, but it wasn't able to transform this:
> Row1    Question1    Q1Answer1
> Row2                        Q1Answer2
> ...into something like this:
> <row1>Row One Data</row1>
> <question1>This is a question</question1> <answers> <q1answer1>Answer
> 1</q1answer1> <q1answer2>Answer2</q1answer2> </answers
> Instead, I could get it to either convert every row into its own XML
> entry, meaning that I had a lot of answers with no associated
> questions, or I got an XML file that had 1 question with EVERY SINGLE
> answer nested beneath it -- effectively all questions after the first
> question were ignored.  Based on those results, I wasn't sure if there
> is more tweaking I could do in Excel, or if there is some programmed
> logic in Excel that can't be accounted for when associating a schema.
> Another suggestion I received was to "fill" the question column so
> that every row had a question listed.  I did consider this, but the
> problem then is during the data import, I'd have to convince my CMS to
> put all the answers back together based on the question, something I'm
> sure Drupal COULD do, but I'm not sure how to do that either.
> Finally, this project is a spreadsheet with 225,270 rows, so you can
> imagine why I'd like a process that is reasonably trustworthy AND that
> can run locally.
> Anyway, any/all additional suggestions appreciated, even if they are
> "try searching for "blah blah python parser", or "I made something
> that solves a similar process, and you can download it from Git".
> Ryan
> ___
> Ryan Engel
> Web Stuff
> UW-Madison
>> Dana Pearson <mailto:[log in to unmask]> June 13, 2014 at 7:14
>> PM I don't use Excel but a client did who wanted to use XSL I had
>> created ONIX to MARC to transform bibliographic metadata in Excel to
>> XML. The built in Excel XML converter was not very helpful since
>> empty cells were skipped so that it was impossible to use that
>> result.
>> There is an add on that allow you to map your data to XML elements by
>> creating a schema which is pretty cool.
>> This might be helpful.
>> regards,
>> dana
>> Terry Brady <mailto:[log in to unmask]> June 13, 2014 at 6:53 PM
>> The current version of Excel offers a save as XML option.
>> It will produce something like this. There is other wrapping
>> metadata, but the table is pretty easy to parse.
>> <Table ss:ExpandedColumnCount="3" ss:ExpandedRowCount="7"
>> x:FullColumns="1"
>> x:FullRows="1" ss:DefaultRowHeight="15"> <Row> <Cell
>> ss:StyleID="s62"><Data ss:Type="String">row 1</Data></Cell>
>> <Cell><Data ss:Type="String">question 1</Data></Cell> <Cell><Data
>> ss:Type="String">answer 1</Data></Cell> </Row> <Row> <Cell
>> ss:StyleID="s62"><Data ss:Type="String">row 2</Data></Cell> <Cell
>> ss:Index="3"><Data ss:Type="String">answer 2</Data></Cell> </Row>
>> <Row> <Cell ss:StyleID="s62"><Data ss:Type="String">row
>> 3</Data></Cell> <Cell ss:Index="3"><Data ss:Type="String">answer
>> 3</Data></Cell> </Row> <Row> <Cell ss:StyleID="s62"><Data
>> ss:Type="String">row 4</Data></Cell> <Cell><Data
>> ss:Type="String">question 2</Data></Cell> <Cell><Data
>> ss:Type="String">answer 1</Data></Cell> </Row> <Row> <Cell
>> ss:StyleID="s62"><Data ss:Type="String">row 5 </Data></Cell> <Cell
>> ss:Index="3"><Data ss:Type="String">answer 2</Data></Cell> </Row>
>> <Row> <Cell ss:StyleID="s62"><Data ss:Type="String">row
>> 6</Data></Cell> <Cell><Data ss:Type="String">quest </Data></Cell>
>> <Cell><Data ss:Type="String">answer 3</Data></Cell> </Row> <Row>
>> <Cell ss:StyleID="s62"/> </Row> </Table>
>> Ryan Engel <mailto:[log in to unmask]>
>> June 13, 2014 at 4:28 PM
>> Hello -
>> I have an Excel spreadsheet that, for the purposes of an easy import
>> into a Drupal site, I'd like to convert to XML.  I know people more
>> knowledgeable than I could code up something in Python or Perl to
>> convert a CSV version of the data to XML (and I have a colleague who
>> offered to do just that for me), but I am looking for recommendations
>> for something more immediately accessible.
>> Here's an idea of how the spreadsheet is structured:
>> Row1    Question1    Q1Answer1
>> Row2                        Q1Answer2
>> Row3                        Q1Answer3
>> Row4    Question2    Q2Answer1
>> Row5                        Q2Answer2
>> Row6    Question3    Q3Answer1
>> etc.
>> How do other people approach this?  Import the data to an SQL
>> database, write some clever queries, and then export that to XML?
>> Work some wizardry in GoogleRefine/OpenRefine?  Are scripting
>> languages really the best all around solution?  Excel's built in XML
>> mapping function wasn't able to process the one-to-many relationship
>> of questions to answers, though maybe I just don't know how to build the
>> mapping structure correctly.
>> In the interest immanent deadlines, I have handed the spreadsheet off
>> to my Perl-writing colleague.  But as a professional growth
>> opportunity, I'm interested in suggestions from Libraryland about
>> ways others have approached this successfully.
>> Thanks!
>> Ryan Engel
>> Web Stuff
>> UW-Madison
> --